The Susa Pearl Collier Necklace

Most of the time, gems are appreciated distinctly for their aesthetic value, however in truth their real beauty emanates from more deeply, hidden levels; for enclosed within every gemstone is a story of legendary proportions spanning immeasurable time, forgotten peoples and lost civilizations. islamic necklace

9, 000 years before the birth of Christ, humankind took it is first tentative steps towards organized society. The support of those early Neolithic harvesting cultures was ‘The Agricultural Crescent; ‘ a name directed at a land mass covering an area which stretched from the shore line of the eastern Mediterranean to the Persian Gulf of mexico. The ‘Fertile Crescent’s’ area includes the countries we now call Egypt, His home country of israel, Lebanon, Jordan, Syria, Korea, Kuwait, Turkey and Usa; Of all these countries it was Iran, known as Persia up until 1935, who was to have the most significant influence on world cultures spanning a timeline from 3200 N. C. E. to 1935 C. E. (Common Era); a total of more than 5000 years. 

The Persian Empire reached it is zenith with the Achaemenid dynasty. At its elevation, the Achaemenid dynasty, sustained from 550 to 330 B. C. E., worked out from the Indus Pit in what is now Pakistan to the banking institutions of the Danube Water in Europe. Founded by Cyrus The truly great, the Achaemenid dynasty included an well known lineage of royalty including Xerses, infamous for his battle with the three hundred Spartan warriors, and Darius who met his fortune at the hands of Alexander The truly amazing. At the center of the Achaemenid dynasty were the urban centers of Babylon and Susa; the latter mentioned in the Bible’s Book Of Esther as ‘Sushan. ‘

Among the list of world’s oldest cities, long lasting from 5000 B. C. E to 650 C. E., Susa was chosen as the capital of the Achaemenid dynasty because of its location on the trade routes from Persia, Mesopotamia and Okazaki, japan Minor. Under Cyrus The Great, Susa became the dynasty’s chief treasury; one of the strongest and richest storehouses in the known world surpassing even Babylon in its attractiveness. Susa remained the centre of the Achaemenid empire, operating as an important trading city until the third century before Christ, where it fell to Alexander the Great and the subsequent Parthian and Sassanid Empires. In 638 C. E., metropolis dropped to the Islamic conquests of Persia and their trafficking importance diminished. Susa managed to survive as a city until it was finally destroyed by the Turkic Mongols in 1218 C. E.; after which it was forgotten.

Susa, repossessed by the encroaching desert lay in ruins, lost for over 600 years. However, in 1897 archeological excavations at Susa were undertaken by the French anthropologist Jacques de Morgan. In Feb 1901, de Morgan revealed what appeared to be a tomb of Achaemenid royalty dating from around 350 B. C. Elizabeth. In fact, the noble figure enclosed in the sarcophagus was that of a young woman; an Achaemenid princess. The body had been lain away and decorated with a lot of gold and treasured precious stone earrings and ornaments. Amongst the list of various jewels, one stood away from the rest; A pearl necklace or to be more precise a pearl collier.

The Susa pearl necklace involves 3 rows of 72 pearl jewelry each. When Jacques de Morgan uncovered the pendant the pearls were within an advanced state of deterioration numerous of them breaking up on contact when they were shifted from the tomb. Para Morgan believed that the ‘Dog Collar’ pearl necklace around your neck at first consisted of between four and five hundred or so pearls. Although the pearl jewelry had suffered, the setting up and stringing of the necklace was relatively in one piece. The entirety of the surviving 216 pearls were interspersed, and joined along with gold gemstone flaked findings acting as spacer bars. There was ten yellow metal spacer bars in total, each of these pubs comprising of three small disks approximately five millimeters in diameter. They distinguish the pearl collier into nine equidistant divisions; at the extremity of each end of the necklace around your neck there is a greater ten millimeter disk that all three pearl hair strands are secured.